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Were Adam and Eve historical figures?

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In a Nutshell

Genetic evidence shows that humans descended from a group of several thousand individuals who lived about 150,000 years ago.  This conflicts with the traditional view that all humans descended from a single pair who lived about 10,000 years ago.  While Genesis 2-3 speaks of the pair Adam and Eve, Genesis 4 refers to a larger population of humans interacting with Cain.  One option is to view Adam and Eve as a historical pair living among many 10,000 years ago, chosen to represent the rest of humanity before God.  Another option is to view Genesis 2-4 as an allegory in which Adam and Eve symbolize the large group of ancestors who lived 150,000 years ago.  Yet another option is to view Genesis 2-4 as an “everyman” story, a parable of each person’s individual rejection of God.  BioLogos does not take a particular view and encourages scholarly work on these questions.

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