John Cooper from Calvin Theological Seminary: This presentation offers biblical, theological, and philosophical reasons for holding that God’s creation of the universe and humans involved both supernatural action and providential guidance of natural ingredients and developmental processes. Scripture teaches “special” creation of humans including a “spiritual” ingredient. Physical energy and cosmic evolution alone seem insufficient to explain the origin of life and especially the human soul which images God. Thus, merely natural theistic evolution seems insufficient. But several versions of supernatural-natural evolutionary creation are adequate.