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How does original sin fit with evolutionary history?

Original sin often refers simply to the current state of humanity, in that all have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God (Romans 3:23). Evolution does not raise questions about our current state of sinfulness. It does, however, raise questions about how and when the first sin occurred, and how this fallen state was transmitted to all people. The sciences of evolution and archaeology can provide some insight into these questions but are not equipped to answer them. These questions are theological, and over the centuries the church has considered many possible answers. Some of these options are consistent with the scientific evidence currently available.


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Blog series: Evolution and Original Sin by Robin Collins

By Ted Davis and Robin Collins
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Blog article: Not All Doctrines Are Equal—Configuring Adam and Eve

By Benno van den Toren
Sometimes, out of fear or some sense of being required to defend our position, Church leaders and teachers have hastily set up a boundary marker around some doctrinal theory which they have confused as a core doctrinal issue.
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Video: The Fall

In this video from From the Dust, Dr. Alister McGrath, Rev. Dr. Michael Lloyd, Rev. Dr. John Polkinghorne, and other theologians discuss the nature of evil and the fall, and talk about how these things fit in with evolution.

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Blog article: Saturday Sermon: Paradise Lost

By Tim Keller
In order to understand the very nature of humanity, one needs a firm grasp on the doctrine of original Sin.
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Blog article: Why the Church Needs Multiple Theories of Original Sin

By Loren Haarsma
“It’s tempting to think that the church needs to decide quickly which of these [original sin] scenarios is right, and which ones must be wrong. I believe the church is better served by taking its time, holding several different scenarios in tension for a while as we think through the implications of each.”