Questions Categorized as "Responses to Arguments Against God and Christianity"

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If God created the universe, what created God?

Many arguments claiming to prove the existence of God have been proposed throughout the centuries.  The response to many of these arguments, however, is:  “If God created the world, what created God?”  It suggests that certain arguments for God’s existence only push the question of beginnings one step farther back.  The Bible and Christian doctrine address this question by defining God as eternal and uncreated, but such answers rarely satisfy nonbelievers.  A philosophical response is that God is the ultimate first cause; the atheist is left with a dilemma of what or who that first cause might have been.  In the end, an uncaused creator may simply be a more plausible explanation for the universe we live in.  Our universe appears to have had a beginning, to be finely tuned for life, and to have a place for love and purpose. These appearances affirm as plausible a prior belief in God.

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On what grounds can one claim that the Christian God is the creator?

The science of evolution is consistent with many religions and with atheism.  Science alone cannot prove or disprove the existence of God.  Some scientific evidence, such as fine-tuning, points to a Creator, but even this does not support Christianity over other religions.  However, Christian doctrine is broadly compatible with scientific accounts of our origins.  Though belief in the Christian God is not scientifically provable, it is not irrational.  Commitment to Christ is a reasonable choice supported by a variety of evidence from history, philosophy, and the testimony of others.  Ultimately, the Holy Spirit works in each person’s life to bring them into relationship with Jesus.

(Updated on March 10, 2012)

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How does the evil and suffering in the world align with the idea of a loving God?

The most ancient and persistent objection to God’s existence is the problem of evil. How can a loving, powerful God allow so much evil and suffering in the world? The problem of evil has no simple answer, but many philosophers, theologians and others have developed helpful insights.

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How do randomness and chance align with belief in God’s sovereignty and purpose?

Evolution includes random factors in both genetic mutation and natural selection. In popular usage, “random” often means “without purpose.”  Some atheists have described evolution as proceeding by “blind, purposeless chance.” But to scientists, “chance” simply means unpredictability.  God could choose to use random, unpredictable processes to accomplish his purposes in creation.

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