Dr. Bruce A. Little agues that the philosophical concept of essentialism should guide our understanding of what it means to be human, as it did for many of the early Church Fathers. He contrasts essentialism with metaphysical naturalism and the evolutionary accounts of human origins that, he suggests, go hand in hand. In his response, Dr. Robert Bishop explains that essentialism is not the only biblically-consistent position on human being and points to trinitarian theology and the image of God as resources to think about of the distinct place of humanity in the creation.