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Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography in the Bible, Part 1

Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography in the Bible

In this six part series, Brian Godawa takes a closer look at cosmography and its relationship to the Bible. After defining cosmography as a theory that describes features of the heavens and the earth, he relates how his own views about the universe have shifted. He then continues to talk about the Mesopotamian cosmography that is so consistently reflected in Scripture. This view of the universe includes aspects such as the firmament, the pillars, the underworld, the heavens above, the watery abyss. He then explains how one understands these concepts in terms of modern scientific thought.

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Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography in the Bible, Part 1

Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography in the Bible, Part 1

As I studied the ancient Hebrew culture and its surrounding Near Eastern background, I began to see how very different a “plain reading” of a text was to them than a “plain reading” was to me.
May 13, 2011 
Brian Godawa 
Creation & Origins 
44
 
Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography in the Bible, Part 2

Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography in the Bible, Part 2

Something else had always haunted me like a nagging pebble in the shoe of my mind, and that was the Galileo affair. There was a time (the 17th century) when brilliant godly Christian theologians and scientists considered the new heliocentric theory as being against the plain teaching of the Bible.
May 17, 2011 
Brian Godawa 
Creation & Origins 
15
 
Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography in the Bible, Part 3

Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography in the Bible, Part 3

The location of heaven being above us may be figurative to our modern cosmology only because we now know it is not literally above us, but it was not figurative to the Biblical writers.
May 20, 2011 
Brian Godawa 
Creation & Origins 
13
 
Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography in the Bible, Part 4

Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography in the Bible, Part 4

Before we ascend to the heavens, let’s take a look at the Underworld below the earth. The Underworld was a common location of extensive stories about gods and departed souls of men journeying to the depths of the earth.
May 24, 2011 
Brian Godawa 
Creation & Origins 
7
 
Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography in the Bible, Part 5

Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography in the Bible, Part 5

Seely shows how the modern scientific bias has guided the translators to render the word for “firmament” (raqia) as “expanse.” Raqia in the Bible consistently means a solid material such as a metal that is hammered out by a craftsman (Ex. 39:3; Isa. 40:19).
May 27, 2011 
Brian Godawa 
Creation & Origins 
 
Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography in the Bible, Part 6

Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography in the Bible, Part 6

Some well-intentioned Evangelicals seek to maintain their particular definition of Biblical inerrancy by denying that the Bible contains this ancient Near Eastern cosmography. They try to explain it away as phenomenal language or poetic license.
May 30, 2011 
Brian Godawa 
Creation & Origins 
18